In this article, Bozkurt et al (2017) review 362 empirical articles published between 2008 and 2015 on MOOCs to identify trends in the research. They find that the number of articles per year increased from 9 in 2012 to 170 in 2015, indicating that "the extent of research o MOOCs is likely to increase in the coming years" (abstract). Furthermore, the authors find that three focus areas, namely (1) "theories and models at the macro level," (2) learner characteristics, and (3) instructional design collectively account for 53.7% of the studies reviewed, suggesting that "the other twelve research areas [identified by the authors] need to be studied more" (p. 127); these areas include, for example, globalization of education and cross-cultural dimensions, access, equity, and ethics, quality assurance, and professional development/faculty support.
Aras Bozkurt, Ela Akgün-Özbek, Olaf Zawacki-Richter
Primary educational sector