In this article, Cronin (2017) calls attention to the complexity that underlies openness. As she writes, "openness does not involve a one-time decision, and it is not universally experienced. It is always complex, personal, contextual, and continually negotiated. Attention must be paid to the actual experiences and concerns of students and faculty" (p. 17). She highlights three areas where teachers and students need support, namely (1) in developing digital skills and literacy, (2) in navigating "tensions between privacy and openness" (p. 17), and (3) "in reflecting on the role of higher education and the roles of and relationships between educators and students in an increasingly open and networked society."
Primary educational sector