The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), India was established in November, 1989 as an autonomous organisation of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. With cumulative enrolment of 2.02 Million, NIOS has grown today as the largest open school in the world. It offers Secondary and Senior Secondary level education plus a number of Vocational Education Courses and Elementary Education through the Open and Distance Learning (ODL) mode. The Elementary Education programme is offered through its Open Basic Education Programme at Level-A, Level-B and Level-C which is equivalent respectively to Class 3, Class 5 and Class 8 of the formal education system.
It is not only a national board with the authority to examine and certify learners but also a national resource organisation for open schooling. The institute develops curriculum and prepares self-learning material, including audio, video and multi-media resources for its learners. It accredits conventional schools and agencies to provide support services to its enrolled learners. It conducts two public examinations in a year as well as On Demand Examination (ODE) throughout the year for the benefit of the learners. It also functions as a publishing house and brings out several publications every year. The Institute conducts research in open schooling and also organises training and capacity building activities for ODL functionaries. NIOS offers a toll-free call centre facility to its learners 24x7 to assist them in solving their pedagogic and administrative issues.
NIOS adopted Open Educational Resources (OER) specifically for vocational programmes to be offered at Secondary (10th) and Senior Secondary (10+2) levels, 26 Case Studies on OER-based e-Learning including stand-alone programmes, in partnership with state level institutions and organisations. The objectives of the OER initiative were as follows: • Create OER in the form of role-based modules; • Develop and deliver vocational education programmes supported by OER to help learners obtain their livelihood in society; • Create and manage Course Teams and Study/Training Centre Teams and their services for learners along with continuous improvement of their vocational competencies and capabilities; • Create, manage and maintain learner groups and communities of teachers/trainers and learners and practitioners for continuous and sustainable development; and • Create a network of provider institutions, teachers and trainers, users and agencies involved in vocational education and employment and form their consortium or alliance for sustainable programme development and deployment.
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This is an extract from National Institute of Open Schooling – Open Educational Resource Initiative which is licensed under a Creative Commons License 4.0 International license. Adapted from https://oerknowledgecloud.org/sites/oerknowledgecloud.org/files/CaseStudies_OER-based_eLearning.pdf under a CC-BY license.